Climate change and natural calamities disrupt global food production, driving the need for innovation in food production. Widespread urbanization and the degradation of arable land give rise to “vertical farms” inside cities to meet food demands. Globalization of taste and increased consumption of meat put pressure on food and water systems. Conscious consumers push for healthy and organic food, sustainability and reduced food footprints, while burgeoning ecosystems develop around food waste recycling and the redistribution of unused food. As oceans and rivers deteriorate, aquaculture becomes the primary source of fish for human consumption.